In recent years, there have been more and more news about accidents when taking elevators, so it is said that we must learn the knowledge of taking elevators safely. So, how to take the elevator safely? The following propaganda knowledge about elevator safety, everyone should read it, remember that safety first!
1. The elevator is out of power
A general elevator, there are many safety ropes on the car, and the safety factor is very high. Therefore, the elevator generally does not fall off the elevator shaft. Elevators are equipped with anti-falling safety devices. Even if the power fails and the lights are off, the safety devices will not fail. The elevator will firmly clamp the two rails of the elevator trough to prevent the elevator from falling down. There are usually instructions in the elevator telling you how to deal with this situation. Most elevators have an emergency bell. You should press this first to tell people around you that someone is trapped in the elevator. If there is a signal in the elevator, you can make a call, and you should first follow the instructions in the elevator and dial the elevator fault for help. If there is no one on the call for help, call the police. Tell the other person where you are.
2. If the safety rope on the elevator breaks
Of course, this kind of situation rarely happens. It usually happens on elevators that have been in disrepair for a long time. People in the elevator should do some protective actions to avoid serious physical injury. At the same time, there are buffers at the bottom of the elevator slot, which can also reduce The impact speed when coming down, so the probability of a fatal accident is very low. The purpose of taking protective measures as long as it is to avoid damage to the brain, spine, and heart caused by the impulse of the elevator landing on the ground.
The details are as follows: Do not stick to the elevator door in the elevator, keep a certain distance. In order to cushion the impulse, you should mainly land on your toes and tilt your heels, so that less impulse is transmitted along the heel to the leg; at the same time, the knee is bent, and the impulse is absorbed by the knee bend, and the direction of the impulse is changed to avoid transmission to the spine. Go up, while protecting the brain and heart from harm. If there is a handle in the elevator, you must hold the handle firmly so that you will not fall due to an unstable center of gravity. The main purpose of this method is to sacrifice the legs and arms in exchange for the spine, heart and brain from harm. Of course, fractures may occur.
3. What should I do if the elevator does not start running after the car door and landing door of the elevator are closed?
In this case, it is likely to be caused by poor electrical contact of the door lock on this floor. You can first press the door open button on the control panel to open the elevator door, and then press the door close button to close the elevator door, and see if the elevator is removed from the fault and continue run. It can be repeated once or twice, or it can be pushed to help close the door. If it still doesn't work, press the door button to open the door and let people go. The property management department can be notified by pressing the alarm bell or telephone, and repaired by professionals.
4. After the elevator is running, it stops and does not open the door and is trapped in the elevator car
When encountering this situation, you must calm down, because the elevator is a mature and safe transportation equipment. "Stopping the elevator" is a safety protection measure for the elevator against operating failures. At this time, the safest and most effective way of self-rescue is to notify the property manager through the alarm button on the control panel or by phone, and the elevator professional can rescue him, or request 110 rescue.
It is not advisable to open the door forcibly or rescue it from the safety window on the car roof. Because climbing out of the car does not mean rescue, most passengers are not familiar with the elevator shaft and elevator structure, and blind self-rescue will often cause greater danger.
5. After entering the car, the elevator starts running without closing the elevator door, and the speed is getting faster and faster
In this case, you should not panic, and you must not rush to escape from the car. The correct approach is to keep all passengers as far away from the car door as possible and make knee-bending movements. Because the car will stop suddenly when it exceeds the rated speed or when it reaches the end station, bending the knees can alleviate the body's discomfort to "emergency stop".